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Cảm nghĩ về truyện ngắn Sống chết mặc bay hay nhất – Văn mẫu lớp 7

Thoughts on the best short story Living and dying wearing flying

Topic: Expressing feelings about Pham Duy Ton’s short story “Living and dying wearing flying”.

Lecture: Life and death in flight – Ms. Truong San ( teacher)


In Pham Duy Ton’s story “Living, dying and flying” was printed in Nam Phong newspaper, No. 18, 1918. In 1989, the Social Science Publishing House selected and included it in the collection of Nam Phong Short Stories. The work is considered the “first flower of the season” of modern Vietnamese short stories because it is one of the first short stories written in the national language script, although the expression still leaves quite a clear impression of the Vietnamese characters. Medieval literature (contemporary style).

The content of the story is about the event of the dyke breaking, the main character of the story is a government official. The plot consists of three scenes, happening in chronological order: Scene 1: Heavy rain and wind, high flood water, dyke is about to break, people rush to build earth in the middle of the dyke. Scene 2: The mandarins, courtiers, and soldiers are engrossed in beating shrimp nests in the communal house. Scene 3: Breaking the dyke. The author has painted a contrasting picture between the entertainment and enjoyment of the rulers with the poverty and misery of the people. Thereby, harshly condemning the corrupt, incompetent and irresponsible ruling class to the property and lives of the poor, and at the same time expressing its deep sympathy for the painful, afflicted connections. of compatriots.


The beginning of the story is the extremely dangerous situation of the Nhi river dike. The dike is described by the writer in many specific details about time and space: Nearly one o’clock at night. It’s pouring rain. Nhi Ha River’s water is too big; The river section of village X in Phu X seems to be so awkward, two or three sections have already been smuggled, if not, it will be broken.

The scene of hundreds of thousands of people panicking, worried, busy… looking for ways to keep the dyke from breaking before the terrible attack of flood water is described by the author with a realistic pen imbued with emotion. feeling pity:…some people use spades, some people use hoes, some people wear earth, some carry bamboo, some piles, some piles, and are stuck in the mud that is above the elbows, everyone glides like a rat. The situation looked dire.


The atmosphere is tense and scary. The contrast between human strength and water power has reached its climax: Although the drums are beating in rapid succession, the snails are blowing incessantly, and the voices of people are calling each other over, but it seems that everyone is tired. However, in the sky, it was still raining heavily, and under the water, the water kept rolling up. Alas! Human strength is hard to match with heaven’s strength! So the dike can’t resist the water! Worry instead! Danger! This song ruined pier. The scene where the villagers are struggling and desperately fighting with the water to save the dike is to prepare for the appearance of the completely opposite scene that takes place in that communal house, the people are muddled and scared. , taking the weak body but against the heavy rain and water, to preserve life and inheritance, so where are the parents?

Said: Being in that house, about four or five hundred years ago. That communal house is also on the dyke, but it’s high and stable, even if the water is so big, it doesn’t matter.

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In this second scene, the author tells the story of a government official who is engrossed in playing shrimp nests with the mandarins under his command and is served by the servants and soldiers, served to his destination. detailed but behind it contains irony, sarcasm and resentment.

In the face of the risk of dyke breaking, the “parents of the people” also personally “directed” the dyke protection, but ironically, his place was not in the midst of the black people who were struggling, encroaching, out. the power to save the dike, but staying in the communal house with the atmosphere, the scene is dignified and leisurely; display lights; The house is well-groomed, the servants are lowly, the movement is bustling. The portrait of the great mandarin appeared very specific and sharp: On the ledge, newly placed in the middle, there was a mandarin’s mother and father, majestically sitting. The left hand rests on the folded knee, the right leg stretches out, allowing the family member to scratch on the ground. A tearful soldier stood by, holding a feather fan, occasionally waving… Especially around the mandarin there were enough teachers, the first team, the second and the chief general, to serve the cards. The mandarin was leisurely, leisurely, and did not care at all about the plight of the people going on on the dike. In the communal house, there is still the majestic atmosphere of the public place, which has nothing to do with the busy life of the people outside. Setting up two opposing scenes, the author intends to denounce the irresponsible, unscrupulous, life-or-death attitude of the contemporary feudal mandarins.

On the background of the scene of the attempt to fight against the invaders, the portrait of the “father and mother” clearly appeared through the vivid drawings of shapes, gestures, words and psychological developments of the characters. Readers cannot imagine that in the situation of boiling water, the lives and property of thousands of people are being threatened every hour and every minute, yet the “parents” still calmly play, enjoy. Around him were arranged all kinds of luxury and luxury: Beside him, on the left hand side, a bowl of oats steamed with alum sugar, placed in a mosaic tray, smoke rose in the air, a rectangular tortoise box was left open, in a silver drawer full of precious stones. golden betel nut, areca pea, ray root, silver tube on either side, gold watch, ivory handle knife, carved lime tube, ear pick, blister pack, pen holder, cotton swab look pleasing to the eye.

It is completely contrary to the image: … the wind and rain rumble, the people are confused… hundreds of them are working hard, washing the wind and showering in the rain, like swarms of ants on the dike… that contrast highlights the selfish, cruel and inhuman character of the mandarin and the populace; at the same time contribute to increasing the critical critical meaning of the story.

While the terrible disaster of the dike breaking is hitting the people’s eyes, the gangsters are still serving the great officials to gamble. Although it is just a game, played when on duty to urge the people to protect the dyke, but the big official still maintains order on the duois and the solemn and dignified atmosphere like in a public place: Around collapsed, four seats north. In the clouds, starting from the concerned side, there is a teacher, then in turn, the first team teacher, the second team teacher, finally next to his left hand, then the chief of staff at the same table is sitting at the table. Despite the chaos and misery of the people, the mandarin was still engrossed in focusing on the shrimp nest cards. That manner denounced his evil nature and irresponsible attitude to the point of being extremely humane.

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If on the dyke surface, the atmosphere is vibrant, bustling and busy with the work of saving the anvil, in the communal house the atmosphere is also bustling with the words revolving around the black and red card game: “Eat books! Eat”; “That Van… Pong”, sometimes fast, sometimes boring, gentle and gentle, when smiling, when talking cheerfully… Out there, the dyke is broken, the river water is not as dangerous as the high and low cards. .

The mandarin’s passion for gambling with the right-wingers taking place right on the dyke, in difficult circumstances, showed the cruelty and shamelessness of the rulers. How much magic power does the shrimp nest cards have that make the mandarin forget all his responsibilities, forget the danger and death that are threatening the lives and property of many people? Must to ! He doesn’t need to know these things because he’s always surrounded by fine minions, servants, yes… They compete to show the mandarins: I can get in, but I don’t dare to try to eat pliers, that: I have a couple, but I don’t dare to go overboard. It turned out that they intentionally let the official win consecutively to gain great attention. After the mandarin had just finished eating the bowl of oats, he sat down, stroking his beard, shaking his thighs, his eyes were busy looking at the venom plate, suddenly heard from afar, the sound of the sky rising from the ground. Everyone was startled, Duy Quan was still calm, just waiting for people to hit his troops and kill them. Someone reported that sometimes the dam broke he replied harshly: Never mind! Then continue playing.

The hobby of gambling and the money he stole from the game made him lose all his conscience: If he still finished the game, or the smell was not over, even if the heavens fell, the dyke broke the people, he still saw the shelf.

The personality of the mandarin is described by the author quite meticulously through typical gestures and words. About gestures: At that time, the card game was already waiting. He had just finished eating a bowl of oats, sitting smugly stroking his beard, shaking his thighs, his eyes were busy looking at the venom plate… Regarding words: The teacher’s voice asked: Yes, it’s good! The big mandarin’s voice said: Yes, when someone ran in to report the broken dyke, the mandarin’s face turned purple and he turned and shouted: The dyke is broken! The dyke is broken, in his old days, when he imprisoned you! Do you know? Where’s the soldier? How dare you let it run in here like that? No longer allowed to switch anything else ? When playing cards, the big man proved extremely proficient: Ù ! Pine shrimp, chi chi bouncing!… Dieu, you!

A series of contrasting images are cleverly used by the author in the above passage: The sound of the sky rising above the dyke contrasts with the calm and pleasant attitude of the mandarin. The servant’s timid whispers: mumble, sometimes the dyke breaks in contrast to the mandarin’s harsh words and a frown: Never mind! The image of a countryman, with his body covered in dirt, wet clothes, running in and out of breath to report the broken dyke contrasts with the image of a red-faced official who turned around and shouted: The dyke is broken.. The old man’s days were old.

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While describing and telling the story of the dike protection, the author shows compassion and sympathy for the suffering of the people:

Alas! Just like the way the mandarin sits leisurely, but the left and right sides are dignified, the servants are loud, who dares to say that there is great danger nearby, which is about to give birth to a scene of thousands of sorrows and sorrows. Deep down, except for those who have a heart of wild animals, who thinks about it, but does not move, pitying the people of the bloodline!…

The fairy tale closes with the scene of the dike breaking: Well, while the big mandarins were playing such a big game, everywhere in that region, the water was overflowing, swirling into a deep abyss, the houses were floating, and the rice fields were flooded; the living have no place to live, the dead have no place to bury, floating on the water, a lonely shadow, a tragic situation, how can it be!

At the end of the story, the author used both descriptive language and expressive language on the scene of the dike breaking scene and expressed his grief and pity for the poor farmers. The writer wants to emphasize that the poor and miserable life of the people is not only caused by natural disasters, but first and foremost, it is due to the irresponsible and inhuman attitude of the rulers. contemporaneous.

In terms of art, in the entire work, besides contrast, leveling has been intentionally used by the writer to highlight the meaning of the work and clearly portray the main character’s personality. “sample officer”.

The magic of leveling up is clearly shown in the description of the dike protection scene under the heavy rain: The water of the Nhi River is too big… Aay, but it still rains heavily in the sky, and in the river, the water keeps rushing. coiled up between drums, horns and people calling each other to protect the dike every time it was noisy and tumultuous.

The magic of leveling up is also used to describe the scene where the mandarin and his family play cards in the communal house. The irresponsible, unscrupulous attitude of the mandarin is increasing day by day. The gambling addict gave up the task of urging the dike, until someone came in to report the broken dyke but remained indifferent, raised his voice to yell at the henchmen, then returned to continue playing cards and happily shouted: Ù ! Pine shrimp, chi chi bouncing! then the passion for gambling really makes the big man lose all his humanity. According to the writer’s comment, he is the kind of heart that wanders into the night.

Thanks to the skillful combination of contrasting and leveling art techniques in description and narration, the author of the short story Live and Die, Fly has achieved the purpose of harshly condemning the cruel government and expressing deep sympathy. before the tragic scene of the people caused by natural disasters and the irresponsible attitude of the rulers.

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